Dauphin Island, AL
Archive of Historical Data, Books, Maps
And Other Materials
Sand Island Light House
The foundation of the lighthouse
is a significant structure, made up of 171 wood pilings that are
interconnected by a timber grillage and overlain with 12 feet
of concrete. The tower is approximately 28 feet in diameter at
its base and is comprised of bricks, forming a wall that is six
feet thick near the foundation.
The plinth is the name of the eight-sided base upon which the
circular lighthouse tower sits. The upper portion of the plinth
is adorned with a brick feature covered in a cast iron ring that
is collectively referred to as the cornice. The lowermost portion
of the plinth consists of an extension of bricks at its base that
are also covered by a cast iron ring.
The granite rock framing the entrance door and five windows came
from the remains of the old tower that was destroyed in the Civil
War. The conical roof of the tower is covered in copper.
Eight flights of spiral iron stairs provide access from the ground
floor to the watch room where the light was once located. Each
of the first six and the final eighth flights makes a half revolution
within the tower. A landing is located at the top of each flight.
The seventh flight makes a full 360-degree revolution of the tower
prior to opening onto the watch room.
Anchored within the brick walls of the tower, the iron stairs
and landings do not require center supports which results in the
tower being open throughout its center from the floor to the top.
Copied from Thompson Engineering Sand Island Light House Report
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Gulf Information Pages, Dauphin Island, AL